The Best Bonsai Trees For Beginners
When it comes to starting out in Bonsai it can be difficult to work out what trees are easy to look after and what trees are going to be difficult. There are all sorts of different species with different growing requirements which include Watering, pruning and fertilising. There are also other techniques that come into play later when the tree gets a little more advanced which include wiring, and repotting.
The best advice for Beginners in Bonsai is too find a tree that is fairly hardy and just try to keep it alive for a while before you begin to try anything else such as wiring and fertilising. Always buy smaller cheaper trees as well to test out your ability to keep the tree alive and also to see how the tree reacts to your particular environment. IF you live in a cold climate for example you are probably better off getting some deciduous species or some cold hardy conifers, but if you live in a tropical climate you could get tropical trees such as ficus and fukien tea.
The most common tree that beginners get is a Juniper and unfortunately some of the retailers that sell these do tell people that they can keep them inside next to a window and water them periodically but this is unfortunaly not true. Most species used for Bonsai are temperate species meaning that they need to feel the affects of all 4 seasons to properly grow and thrive. When a tree is kept inside for example the tree can not judge the amount of daylight that is currently around which is one way the tree can tell which season it is, the tree can also judge this by the temperature and knows not to grow at certain times of the year to avoid new soft growth from being damaged by either high heat or harsh frost.
Most trees also need a dormancy period in which they take over the winter period, in autumn as the daylight hours begin to get shorter and the temperature begins to drop the tree begins to retract the chlorophyll from the leaves and prepare the tree for the upcoming cold season.
When a tree is inside the house it will get confused by the amount of light it is receiving as it will only see light for a few hours of the day while the sun is able to come though the window, this is also filtered light. Also the tree wont be able to judge the temperature because in most house holds people cool the house during summer and warm the house during winter.
Another major factor is air flow, while there is a small amount of air moving around the house its not enough for the tree, the tree needs constant fresh air slowing through the foliage to that the exchange of carbon dioxide can take place so the tree can produce the glucose required to function metabolically.
So when it comes to the best trees for beginners if you are in a tropical climate that doesn't get much colder then say 5c at any point through the year then you can look at having tropical species such as ficus as they are pretty much bullet proof and grow like crazy. If you are in a cooler climate then i would suggest something like a juniper to start off with as these trees can be forgiving to some colder weather and also to 1 or 2 missed watering's if it was only a day and it wasn't a very hot day.
I hope this article has helped you understand some of the most basic requirements for a Bonsai Tree for your climate and situation.
Until Next Time, Enjoy Your Bonsai Journey